Posts Tagged ‘computer’

A Test Case for the Trinary Gate

June 5, 2021

Rather than try to instigate the trinary action directly from the positive, neutral and negative charges, I have simplified it by setting the switches using only the positive rail and neutral before I have set the Unary Gates, using a ADG5236 Analog switch chip. This is only a testing measure to get all the gates ready for integration into combinatory sets like Tand and Tnor. You can say combinatory only in Ternary because each two input gate is made up of three Unary gates from a pool of 27, while each Unary gates is made up of three switched sets, sometimes as two pairs of DPDT while one is redundant, due to the lack of physical trinary switches available on the market.

I have tried not to compromise on either side of the switched in/out design, still we need to move these ideas forward so we can find interesting and valuable Ternary circuits that can accomplish much and more of what its little Binary brother has done in the last 80 years. The use of CMOS, PMOS, NMOS have been used successfully by many inventors to create Trinary circuits but have never been popularised due to the logical tangle of the unknown element “0”. This by philosophical terms is the “unknown”, “undefined” or “undecided” element, as binary has either Yes or No to which there is an easy determinate path to follow, no questions about a vague unknown.

This dilemma of the neutral place where indecision is its home, is merely an illusion that has been created by a physiological inability of our mind to see it any other way. I offer a simpler approach where S. C. Kleene, Post, Lukasiewicz and others has written much on the mathematics and semantics of this, where as I see it as a natural condition of our physical universe. The Earth is the simple model I follow, where the positive charges are above us and the negative charges are below us, while we stand on the neutral ground. This simple model also works for water and any other boundary situation where “0” is now the path of all connections made by its very nature, a skin if you like. (as above a mirror as it is below). Indecision is not unknown, it can be weighed just as gravity can be defined by units being weighed, a heavy object as opposed to a light one.

Much has been written about mathematics of ternary and it has its advantages over binary for sure, here is some simple arithmetic. Again I follow my simple model:

There is a simple and enduring beauty using trinary logistics, you never end up in a lock up situation, due to the neutral line where it can always carry its logic to a complete solution. The binary has the problem of only having a “true” and “false” narrative, where that is not how nature works at all.

The early Atomic physicists had to resort to phantoms of matter such as “Electrons”, “Neutrons” and “Protons”, these are mere conventions of usage not a reality of our universe. They used these mnemonic devices to solve abstractions they did not fully comprehend. Charge is all we really know, sadly the Ether was incorrectly dismissed in the 20th Century as the carrier of all the physical universe, not so, as we should simply state that charge is one of the different conditions of the Ether. This also makes the Ether as a neutral state, thus making it the default condition of everything that is not moving, or charged in any way, while Gravity is the Pressure of the Ether on all Mass.

Once Trinary thought is used in all circumstances, War, Famine, Invention and Mans ailing conditions will improve beyond mere Utopian dreams. False narratives and political agendas will be nothing but illusions we will all see through and will serve no purpose in our pursuit of our quality of life and living. The Us and Them syndrome are but Marxist drivel used to divide our sensibilities against the true knowledge of our existence.

Trinary thinking no longer separates us into “Right” and “Wrong”, “True” and False”, “Yes” and “No” but introduces gradations of wisdom and experience. I ask is it wrong that a bird can walk while it is only known to fly in the minds of many. Is the colour of the sky Blue when we see it as Red, Orange and Yellow at other times. Binary thinking divides our perceptions along a boundary, this boundary is the “Undecided” or Neutral line which we will now understand in Trinary thought, as the connector of everything. In electrical engineering it has always been called “Earth”, “Common” or “Neutral”.

Art precedes science just as culture precedes politics, this is why “reductio ad absurdum” of modern philosophy is a regressive step with the binary decision trees built from notions of “Left” and “Right” factions are nonsense and are a danger to our own survival. The Quantum arguments currently exploited by “Modern Science” are but Binary semantics made into a religion, called “Scientism”. The rulers of our lives only require serfs not thinking individuals, who have, graduations of thought and experience where true diversity only exists when we are allowed to think freely.

Addition of Trinary

+ add + = +-

which is

1 + 1 = 2

+- add +- = ++

which is

2 + 2 = 4

so if “-” = -1


– add – = -+

which is

-1 + -1 = -2


-1 + 1 = 0 or 1 – 1 = 0

which is

– add + = 0

So a balanced ternary system is similar to the way we use electrical charge as well.

Here are the diagrams from my work, it will be included in my next volume “Talking To The Birds, Volume II”, coming soon, regards Arto.

The Induction Computer Part 3

July 25, 2017

The Induction Computer – Part 3

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

From my last entry I hinted at a 555 relay emulation, I am not quite their yet, I am getting close though. Here is my current stage I am on at the present moment.

I needed an ALU to start things of, so I started on the Half-Adder as a building block, here is my iterations.

The next step is the Full-Adder and its first few iterations from Logic Gates.

Lastly I have included a simple idea of how some of these could be interpreted in the 3D world, more to come on this aspect in a future blog.

If your response is high enough, I will start a Patreon account and begin building the real thing, regards Arto.

The Induction Computer Part 2

July 8, 2017

The Induction Computer – Part 2

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

It looks like I am reinventing the wheel, minus valves and transistors, this work might even seem redundant to some of the techno-nerds. I assure you this is a step forward, there has been no time in the last 50 years that all those electronic enthusiasts have been able to simplify and create something without an official corporately designed IC package doing all your brain-work for you, leaving nothing for your own original imagination. I was very excited many years ago when many hobbyists made their own computers from discreet transistors and IC packages, while a few even made some relay ALUs.

While I thought of making my own CPU from relays but resisted, I first needed to create a new architecture that could incorporate an open 256 bit CPU and a Analog CPU  in one package, while still accessible enough to be built by hand. This was part of my goal, as the architecture had to be robust, to last 1000 years, the components were to be the built environment and the power to drive it should be available 24/7, sounds like a pipe dream of some mad scientist. I only dare to dream of its reality and decided to rediscover the simplicity and the basic technology to make it plausible. The idea of using stone to contain the complex logical matrix that can be accessed via simple interfaces is the final reality, the many steps to arrive at that outcome might outstrip my lifetime, still I will persist, as I cannot dismiss a vision that is clear and within the realms of possibility.

Enough of my machinations, here are some interesting and practically solved devolutions of known devices from my last posting. Here is a FlipFlop made from two relay NAND gates.

While the idea of a Operational Amplifier kept me awake for a night of two, I hope to emulate a 555 IC chip from my work here, just in time to compete a chapter in my Volume II.

This version should satisfy many of its Integrated Chip operations, still it is a crude and very fundamental design, useful to be expanded upon with a bit more work. I must repeat, I am not an electrical engineer and I have no degree from any University, I  am truly a ground up natural scientist, where my tenets of understanding come from a life time of artistic creativity with careful observations and practical applications. I hope those who are interested can learn much from my ideas. Regards Arto.


The Induction Computer

July 1, 2017

The Induction Computer

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

Here are some interesting combinations using relays as logic gates, which was where I began this first step into the Induction Computer.

As you can see I have “single relays” and “double pole relays” and “Latch relays”, an old technology that goes back to the beginnings of the study of electromagnetism in the 1800’s. My studies into remnant magnetism of different materials, brought me into an understanding of natural rocks and the possibility of using either “Granite”, other rocks or even a poured casting as a magnetically imprinted “Logic Matrix Array”, storing functions, complex procedures, information and even pictures, videos and music.

In the Voltage Multiplier I have even eliminated any semiconductors, even diodes and batteries, while only using coils, capacitors, magnets and relay operations. You can see my process of elimination and the final schematic being without any high tech micro components.

There are a few parts to make the whole system function, here are some of the descriptions for the Voltage Multiplier.

The Slab that must have
1 Remnant Magnetism within permissible limits
2 Flat Surface, possibly engraved for descriptive and functional reasoning
3 Location keys for Imprinter and Reader

The Matrix Imprinter
1 Magnetic Array
2 Electromagnetic Array
3 Reset and Wipe function

The Induction Reader
1 Layered Switch Array
2 Geometric Coil Matrix
3 External Switches/Buttons and Levers/Handles arced or rotary

Physical Actions of Operator
1 Generate Voltage
2 Instigate Switch Operations
3 Discharge to external device

As this blog article is only to describe some of my work, it is not the whole article, that you will find in my next volume of “Talking To The Birds” Volume II. If the interest in these ideas are popular, I would consider a FundMe or Patreon profile and begin the arduous progress of a working system , regards Arto.

The Optical Revolution is Here

June 20, 2010

My invention(AMOD) is now 10 years old to me, I have waited for the IBM, Sony, Hitachi, etc to come up with the solution of CD and DVD spin reliability and to eventually supersede it to a simpler more efficient solution, as usual they are making too much money from old technology and unreliable systems to go for something as simple, reliable and revolutionary as the Solid State Optical Disc Technology, I am at the end of my tether and will see who accepts my ideas as I am giving it freely to the world. Here is the basic system:

1.    No change to CD,DVD, discs this technology will not be obsolete
2.    Increases in read/write times increases 1000 fold
3.    No noise, no motor, no heat
4.    Lifetime of drive is extended to at least 100 years and much more
5.    CD,DVD can now be imprinted on anything
6.     The round disc will no longer be the imperative geometry
7.    New shapes and 3D forms will revolutionise computing and entertainment
8.    Simple manufacturing, once the required resolution has been achieved
9.    Error free reading/writing
10. Leadin, Leadout, Prepit not needed

Here is some pictures of the basic schematic and designs.

Artos Motionless Optical Drive